What is Myasthenia Gravis ?
Myasthenia gravis is typically characterized when the muscles under your voluntary control become weak and tired. The cause of Myasthenia gravis is when the normal communication between nerves and muscles breakdown. Currently there is no cure but treatment can help relieve signs and symptoms, such as weakness of arm or leg muscles, chewing, double vision, drooping eyelids, and difficulties with speech, swallowing and breathing. Myasthenia gravis can affect anyone, it’s more common in women younger than 40 and in men older than 60.
What Causes Myasthenia gravis?
In a healthy body your nerves release chemicals that fit into receptors on your muscle cells at the nerve-muscular junction. With Myasthenia gravis, your immune system produces antibodies that destroy or block many of your muscles’ receptors. These antibodies may also block the function of a protein called a muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase that lead to Myasthenia gravis. While most complications of myasthenia gravis are treatable, some can be life-threatening.
What is the treatment for Myasthenia gravis?
Doctors use a variety of treatments to relieve symptoms of myasthenia gravis. Cholinesterase inhibitors, Corticosteroids, and Immunosuppressants are just a few of the medications used to treat this condition. Only 15 percent of the people with myasthenia gravis have a tumor in their thymus gland that has to be removed with surgery.