Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland. This gland is located on the front of the neck and is shaped like a butterfly. The thyroid has important an important job to regulate numerous metabolic processes throughout the body. There are many different types of thyroid disorders that affect either its structure or how it is functioning.
There are specific kinds of thyroid disorders that includes:
- Thyroid nodules
- Thyroid cancer
- Thyroid medications
Medications can be given to replace the missing thyroid hormone in hypothyroidism. Synthetic thyroid hormone is given in pill form by mouth. When hyperthyroidism is present, medications can be used to prevent its release from the gland or decrease production of thyroid hormone. Other medications that can be given to help manage the symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as increased heart rate. If hyperthyroidism is not controlled with medications, radioactive ablation can be performed. Ablation involves giving doses of iodine labeled with radioactivity that selectively destroys the thyroid tissue.
What is the treatment for thyroid disorders?
Most thyroid disorders can be well managed with medications, medical treatment and are not life threatening. Some of these conditions may require surgery. The outlook for most people with thyroid cancer is also good, but patients with thyroid cancer that has spread throughout the body have a poorer prognosis.